Nashik | India
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Nashik (Marathi: नाशिक) is a city in the state of Maharashtra in Western India. This is an ancient holy city. Some archaeological sites state early human settling evidence from at least five years. It is a city of pilgrimage for many Hindus.The place is important for Hindu rituals for the afterlife offerings. It is also one of the four locations of the Kumbha Mela festival.


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1 Understand 1.1 Cultural and social 1.2 Living 1.3 Art and literature 1.3.1 Movie 1.3.2 Music 1.3.3 Literature 1.4 Climate Nashik city has grown rapidly in the last five years encompassing all the villages around it. Nashik is one of the world's holiest Hindu cities. Kumbhmela is held here once in 12 years along with four other cities in India. Lord Rama along with Lakshmana and Sita spent 14 years of his exile at Tapovan near Nashik. The city came under the rule of Mughal in 16th century and was renamed Gulshanabad. Then it comes under Peshwa of Maratha Empire in 1818. City is also noted for its participation in freedom struggle. Freedom fighters like Veer Savarkar and Anant Laxman Kanhere were born in Nashik. For a long time, the name of the city has changed according to different rulers. Some believe the name "Nashik" was derived after the incident in Ramayana when Lakshman (Sri Ram's brother) chopped off the nose of Surpanakha (Ravan's sister). Another school of thought states that Nashik is a combination of nava shikha - nine summits. It was also named as Gulshnabad by Muslim rulers which was immediately disputed by the residents. It was spelled incorrectly by the British administration, as Nasik but eventually changed to the current Nashik. Cultural and social Nashik is well known in India as a gateway city to travel to Shirdi and Trambakeshwar which hosts one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. It is believed that in antiquity, during transport, the drops of Amrit fell into the Brahma-Kund at Trambakeshwar. This makes it one of the most popular religious travel destinations of India. Nashik is also known as a transit station for devotees going to Shirdi, the residence of Sai Baba (90 km from Nashik). Living Nashik is fairly cosmopolitan city. Marathi is the official language of the city. This is the most common language spoken on the streets, most people may partial understand Hindi and English. Attitudes in Nashik are liberal. The city used to be very traditional and conservative, but now is an open-minded culture and is gradually developing city. Art and literature Nashik is known for it's art and literature contribution. Nashik has one of the biggest public libraries. Movie Shri Dadasaheb Phalke - the founder of the Indian Film industry comes from Nashik. He started movie making in India with the on mythological character “Raja Harishchandra” in 1913. This was the first movie in India. He made 95 movies and 26 short films in the span of 19 years, till 1932 in Nashik. Music Pt. Vishnu Digambar Paluskar was from Nashik, wrote books on classical Indian music. He reinvented notation system suitable to Indian classical music. He also composed notations for the national anthem of India. Another famous patriotic song “Sare Jahanse Achha” is also composed by him. Literature Bahinabai Chaudhary was a poetess who made poems in spoken Marathi. It was a flawless creation in ample. Once her son realised the value of her poems he started writing it down. Her poems is an invaluable treasure of Marathi literature. The poems reflect real day-to-day life in a rural setting describing the beautiful effects of nature on her life. She also state the philosophy of life in simple humble words. V V Shirwadkar alias “Kusumagraj” in a career spanning five decades starting in pre-independence era, he wrote 16 volumes of poems, three novels, eight volumes of short stories, seven volumes of essays, 18 plays and six one-act plays. Vasant Kanetkar was a stage drama writer in Marathi language. He wrote 40 three-act plays, all of which were performed on the professional stage. Many of his plays became commercial successes. He has been credited with rejuvenating the Marathi theatre when it was in decline, the age of Sangeet Natak --stage musicals—having had come to an end. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar re-wrote Indian history from a patriotic point of view. His works are in Marathi language, Saha Soneri Pane (Six golden pages in the History of Hindu Nation) - explaining six Indian empires and their extent. He wrote two books in English named "Hindutwa" and "Hindupadapadshahi" on the history of Marathas. Two of his poems famous are Sagara Pran Talamalala and Jayostute sung by Lata Mangeshkar. Climate The climate of Nashik is very pleasant. Nashik has three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Summers are typically hot with maximum temperatures ranging from 35 to 42°C. The warmest month in Nashik is generally April as compared to the rest of the Deccan Plateau where it is May. November is normally a very pleasant month. Nashik does not get very hot. Even during the peak of summer, the air is cool and standing under a tree can give respite form the heat. However, as sunlight can be intense leading to skin tan and sun-burn, be sure to carry and use sunscreens (above SPF-30). The nights in Nashik are significantly cooler than most other parts in this region owing to its high altitude. The average rainfall is approx 550mm. The city often receives local and heavy thunder showers with heavy downpours in June, which brings down the temperature. The rainy season can sometimes be gloomy, with cloud cover for days together. Winters are generally dry and day temperatures can be as low as 24 - 28°C and temperatures at night as low as 5 - 8°C.


Planning a Trip

1 Get in 1.1 By bus 1.2 By train 1.3 By car By bus Nashik is 180 Kilometres from Mumbai (Bombay). There are frequent buses to Nashik from Dadar in Mumbai. It takes 4 to 5 hours by road. If you are not around Dadar, you can still take buses from Borivali (a key place on Western Railway Line) OR Thane (a key place on Central Railway Line). Also, a suburban railway (CR) to Kasara can be taken from few suburban railway stations beyond Dadar (like Kurla, Thane or even beyond). Once at Kasara, there are loads of connecting buses to Nashik and many other places, along with ample number of share-taxis (₹50-₹60 per adult passenger, but with cramped sitting). (Kindly note there is no taxi service available in the late night. You can get held up after reaching Kasara Railway Station till the next morning) 19.9977473.7804031 [dead link] Nashik New C B S Bus Stand.  is located at Trimbak/Old Agra Roads crossing By train Trains called 'Panchavati Express' and 'Godavari Express' also ply daily between Mumbai and Nashik. Word of caution, Nashik is on Central Railway line and Dadar Station is a sort of junction place for Central Railway and Western Railway, so make sure that you are at right side of the station (that is, East-side for Central Railway). There is also a daily train service between Pune and Nashik. It may be noted that the Railway Station (called 19.947273.84212 Nasik Road. ) is about 10 Kilometres away from the main city. However, there are sufficiently frequent services of buses, auto-rickshaws, shared-taxis etc are available at fairly low fares. You can also go by local from kasara. By car You can reach Nashik by road through Mumbai-Nashik Expressway (NH 3) , 167 km approx.


Things to do

Buddhist caves from the 2nd Century BCE A close up of a figure from the Buddhist canon Anjaneri Parvat. Located near Trambakeshwar, it is well known for waterfalls during monsoon season.  20.01350473.7928161 Bhaktidham. a temple. located on Peth Naka  20.06618673.7927682 Chambhar Leni (Located on Dindori Road.). Temple of Bhagwan Mahavir on a hillock inside a cave.  College Road. happening place in Nasik. Malls, Restaurants, Shopping, Multiplex, Bliss Juice Bar, McDonald's, Cafe Coffee Day.  Deolali Camp Cantonment Board. Artillery centre - Deolali camp's, Lahawit market is for shopping, Deolali South has Khandoba temple hill, golf course, sun rise & set point as well.  The Someshwar Fall.  20.00798773.7923123 Ganga Ghat. Ramkunda, Panchavati  Goda Ghat (Godavari river edge). A popular place to visit.  The Gangapur Dam. always crowded with youngsters.  Jain Mandir. has a 12 ton Panchdhatu idol of Bhagwan Mahavir. located at Vilholi on Nashik- Mumbai highway.  20.00690673.7955514 Kalaram Temple. An important temple and landmark in panchavati area.  19.87188473.9718865 Mineral Museum (Gargoti Sangrahalaya), MIDC, Malegaon, Sinnar, ☎ +91 98906 55592. very precious different types of stones you can see here  19.95189673.8366186 Muktidham. big temple, picnic spot located at Nashik Road  Nandur-Madhmeshwar. A Bird Sanctuary near Niphad. It is a mesmerizing place for nature and bird lovers alike.  Panchavati. The most sacred place on Earth.The place where five sacred Banyan trees are still present. All important temples are located in this area.  19.93970173.7481477 Pandavlena Caves. Buddhist Caves dating back to 2nd Century BCE. Located on Nashik- Mumbai highway near Pathardi phata, it is on top of a hill. The view of the surrounding countryside including the city of Nashik is worth climbing up for.  Phalke Smaarak. Excellent views, landscape, musical fountain, video songs, Buddha smaarak, water park. located on foot of Pandav Caves hill. A reliable place where most of the people in nasik spend their weekend evenings.  Ramshej Fort. Located near ashewadi village on Peath Road. 7 km from Nashik. Good for a small trekking experience. The fort provides a good view of the whole city from the mountaintop.  20.01644273.7432938 Shree Navashya Ganpati Mandir, Peshwe Colony, Anandwalli. A temple situated on banks of Godavari River, very scenic views  20.00787573.7960069 Sita Gufaa. Caves where Lord Ram and Sita worshipped Lord Shiva during their exile. The shivlinga is still present at that same spot. It is believed that Ravana kidnapped Sita from this place. It is always visited by devotees and tourists.  20.02351673.72793110 Someshwar. temples, picnic spot, boating , waterfall. located on Gangapur road.  20.00688473.79175111 Sundarnarayan Temple.  20.00074773.81213112 Tapovan. Tapobhumi, Shurpanakha's nose fell here, Tasty Guavas, try them out. Once upon a time, it was a part of the sacred Dandakaranya forest. Tapovan is a picturesque place, also contains a close connection with the epic Ramayana.  19.9959273.77503913 Tarangan (Trimbak Road). This planetarium is named after late shri Yashwantrao Chavan and was recently inaugurated by President Mrs Pratibha Patil. Daily 3 shows are conducted 13.30 in English, 15.30 in Hindi and 17.30 in Marathi.  Trambakeshwar. (One of the 12 Jyotirlingas), straight ahead on Trimbak road. This is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India and is the most sacred place in Nashik. Near by is also Brahma giri where lord Shiva performed tandav dance.  Veda Mandir. located on Trimbak road.