Bidar | India
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Bidar (Kannada: ಬೀದರ, Urdu: بیدار) is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Delhi rulers first headed by Allauddin Khilji and later Muhammed-bin-Tughluq took control of entire Deccan including Bidar. About the middle of the 14th Century the Officers of Sultan stationed in Deccan rebelled and this resulted in the establishment of Bahamani Dynasty in 1347 A.D. at Gulbarga. There were frequent warfare between the Bahamnis and Vijaynagar Kingdom. About 1429 A.D the Bahamani's shifted their capital from Gulbarga to Bidar.which was strategically stronger and has a better climate. In 1430 Ahmad Shah Wali Bahamani took steps to develop the city of Bidar and its fort was rebuilt. After break up of Bahamani Kingdom in 1527 A.D. Bidar became Capital of Barid Shahi's who ruled up to 1619 A.D. Up to 1656 A.D. Bidar was a part of Adil Shahi Kingdom. On the conquest of Deccan by Aurangzeb in the mid 17th century, Bidar became part of Mughal Empire. Asaf Jah, A Mughal general, was appointed as the subedar of the Deccan in 1713 A.D. He had the title of "NIZAM-UL-MULK" and he founded the house of the Nizams of Hyderabad 1724. The Hyderabad state ruled by this dynasty included Bidar area also and its rule continued up to 1948. The history of Bidar with lots of ups and downs and stories of treachery and bloodbath, is also marked by good administration and development of art, architecture and literature. Mohamed Gawan, who came to Bidar from Gilan in 1453, won the heart of sultan by his sincerity, honesty and scholarship. He lead a life of austerity and used to spend most of his leisure time in company of learned in his Madarasa and in reading books. He served under four Bahamani kings. He was appointed as minister, later as deputy of the kingdom. He excelled as a Prime Minister of the Kingdom. He extended the boundaries of the empire and brought about administrative reforms. Mohammad Gawan was a distinguished lover of learning and he founded the great Madarasa at Bidar in 1472 A.D. which attracted teachers and students from various parts of east. But unfortunately he met with tragic end. Some of the nobles who did not like his reforms and prestige enjoyed by him conspired to kill him. On the orders of Muhammad Shah, Gawan was executed on 5 April 1481. Soon after the Sultan learnt the truth, he was stricken with repentance, fell ill and died shortly. The administrative period of Mohamed Gawan is the Golden period of Bidar History.

Bidar

Top Attractions

The following are the major places of interest: Guru Nanak Jhira Gurudwara, Place where Guru Nanak Dev ji has produced the spring of drinking water by touching a rock with his Toe. Another well known place is Hazrath Shamsuddin Quadri Shrine popularly known as multani Badshah. Another well known place of visit is Choukhandi.The popular barid shahi tombs and a Jail made by the British before independence. Narasimha Zarna (Lord Narasimha Temple), Papnash (Shiva Temple), Bidar fort at Bidar, the great Friday mosque at Bidar, Nayee kamaan (fell down – so no more), Madarsa (university) of Mehmood Gawan, choubara (watch tower)at Bidar, several dargahs (mausoleums) of local Islamic saints, Basvesvara Temple, Barid shahi garden, Tomb of Mehmood Gawan, Kalyani shariff, 12th Century Cave, Kalyan shariff, Kalyan Fort, Kalyan shairff, Bidri Art Materials at Old City. Gawan Madrasa in the centre of the Bidar city. It shows persian architecture influence on indian culture Papnash Temple. It is believed that Lord Sri Rama, on the way to Ayodhya from Lanka after defeating Ravana, visited this place and that resulted in the temple which would wash off his act of killing Ravana who is a Shiva Bhakt.  Narasimha Zarna. The temple virtually runs into a cave waterbody and is one of the unique in the world. The water in the cave will guide the pilgrims to the idol.  Madarasa. One of the oldest universities, which was founded by Mahmood Gawan.  Bidar Fort. The fort was one the largest and strongest forts in India.It was built in 15th century.  Gurdwara Nanak Jhira Sahib. This is a Sikh historical shrine. One of the most popular south Indian historical gurudwaras amongst the Sikh community all over the India.  Manik Prabhu Temple. Situated 53 km away from the city of Bidar, Manik Prabhu Temple is a unique architectural beauty and a major spiritual and religious centre. The Manik Prabhu temple is built over a Sanjeevani Samaadhi of a Saint- Shri Sadguru Manik Prabhu Maharaj and his spiritual stature and holy presence is still maintained by his 6th successor Shri Sadguru Dnyanraj Manik Prabhu Maharaj. The temple attracts both Hindu and Muslim devotees. The temple administration is carried out by Shri Manik Prabhu Samsthan which runs a number of social and charitable institutions since 140 years.  Girija B Kudre's Farm House. B. S. Kudre a great visionary & a social reformer from Bidar had developed an Organic Mangoes / Amla plantation in about 65 acres (260,000 m2) of land at Andura. Having developed a cold storage along with it, exporting the Mangoes & Grapes to US, UK & Middle Eastern Countries. By adopting the primitive method of Agriculture / Horticulture, showing the importance of Indian Breed Cow's, their Medicinal values in day to day life, made a benchmark for all the researcher's to visit at least once in lifetime 

Bidar