1 Understand 1.1 History 1.2 Geography 1.3 Climate View onto the Bangladesh Plains below, from Cherrapunji History The original name for this town was Sohra, from the days when it was the capital of a local chieftainship. The town's name was pronounced "Churra" by the British before morphing into Cherrapunji. There is a monument to David Scott (British Administrator in NE India, 1802–31) in Cherrapunji Cemetery. Although Cherrapunji still receives a lot of rainfall, locals nevertheless have to walk for several kilometres for potable water and also face agricultural difficulties associated with topsoil erosion. Geography Cherrapunji is in a dramatic location, on a plateau 600 metres above the surrounding valleys which, given the amount of rainfall, are naturally lush and full of diverse vegetation. Climate Cherrapunji receives both the Southwest and Northeast Monsoons, which combine to form a single monsoon season locally. The months with the highest rainfall are June and July, followed by August, September and May, but effectively, April through October can be considered the monsoon season. November through February constitutes the dry season, with March a transitional month of moderate rainfall. The dry season is also the cooler season, with average low temperatures at approximately 5°C (41°F) during January, the coldest month.