Lucknow | India
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Lucknow is the capital of India's largest state, Uttar Pradesh.


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@media all and (max-width:720px){ .mw-parser-output .climate-table{float:none!important;clear:none!important;margin-right:0!important} .mw-parser-output .climate-table .infobox .infobox{}}.mw-parser-output table.climate-table{width:30em;margin:1em;padding:0.5em;text-align:center;font-size:80%;border:1px solid #9EBDC7;box-shadow:2px 2px 5px #9EBDC7;border-radius:3px;background:#f3f3ff;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.climate-table th{background:#CEE0E7} Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh and the cultural region of Awadh, thrives along the banks of Gomti river. The city along with the rest of Awadh fell to the British during the colonial era. Today, Lucknow is dotted with remnants of its rich cultural past. Lucknow is also known for its elaborate cuisine and chikankaari or exquisite shadow-work embroidery on fine muslin cloth. Lucknow is a historically important city and for many centuries was at the heart of North Indian culture. In particular, the city was famous for its adab and tehzeeb (manners and etiquette), intricate embroidery, beautiful gardens and dance forms such as kathak. It was also one of the sites of the 1857 Indian Mutiny (or First War of Indian Independence). The Hindi spoken in Lucknow is considered the most beautiful and gentle in the country. The city has a population of around 3.4 million. Lucknow is the heart of the art, cuisine, dance, culture and music of Northern India. It was the cradle of the Hindu-Muslim-symbiosis that was the epitome of India for hundreds of years. it brought in the best of various cultures and accepted Western institutions like La Martiniere College in her womb. It was made famous by the soft-spoken, and sweet tongued, Awadh-Lucknowai culture that was based on civilised behaviour toward fellow human beings. Lucknow is the home of Urdu, Hindustani and Hindi languages. The city became known as a centre for Urdu poetry and courtly presence and diction, being the birthplace and city of residence for many poets. The Mushaira, an event of poetry recitation forms the heart of Lucknow's nightlife where Mushairas go on into the wee hours of the night. Lucknow's only rival in Northern India was Delhi, though Lucknowies were always embroiled in a healthy rivalry with Delhi, home of the famous poet Ghalib and others. Lucknow is also famous for its sweetmeat, the sweet shops in the old city dates to 1850s. Awadhi and Mughlai food is the delight of the visitors to Lucknow. Another thing that may surprise visitors are the ubiquitous posters, billboards and signs boasting of great progress and bearing the picture of Mayawati. She is the former chief minister of Uttar Pradesh state and is quite controversial. Labelled by some as the "Dalit Queen," she has received criticism for misuse of public funds and abuse of power. She has spent millions of rupees on massive public works projects such as the Ambedkar Memorial (see below) which opposition leaders see as a waste. No matter who you speak to in Lucknow, everyone will have an opinion about her, and it's an excellent conversation starter.


Planning a Trip

Contents 1 Get in 1.1 By plane 1.2 By train 1.3 By road 1.4 By bus Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport By plane 26.76194480.8833331 Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport (LKO IATA, formerly Amausi Airport), The airport has daily flights from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Patna, as well as direct flights to Bangalore, Sharjah, Jeddah, Muscat, Dehradun, Indore, Pune, Goa and Varanasi. The Red Line of the Metro connects it to Charbagh station (and by extension Lucknow Junction).    By train Charbagh Railway Station Lucknow is on the Delhi-Gorakhpur railway route. Connections can be made from Agra and Allahabad. A major railway junction, Lucknow is conveniently connected to many cities. Some of the important trains are : 12003/12004 Shatabadi Ex. : 15063/15064; Nainital Ex; : 19165/19166; Sabarmati Exp : 12553/12554; Vaishali Exp : 15609/15610; Awadh-Assam Exp : 12875/12876; Neelanchal Exp : 14283/14284; Ganga-Yamuna Exp : 12229/12230 Lucknow Mail : 12419/12420; Gomti Exp : 14257/14258; Kashi-Vishwanath Exp : 14011/14012; Nauchandi Exp : 11015/11016; Bombay-Gorakhpur Exp : 12511/12512; Cochin-Gorakhpur Exp. The important contact for Lucknow Railways are: Railways Manual Enquiry 139, 2636132; reservation 0522-2635841; Badshahnagar 0522-2385182. 0522 is Lucknow's STD code. There are two major stations in Lucknow - Lucknow Junction and Charbagh. Both of these form the same complex, but serve different trains. 26.83067580.9252912 Lucknow Charbagh railway station.   (updated Dec 2019) 26.83196780.9185873 Lucknow Junction railway station.   (updated Dec 2019) By road Lucknow is connected by road with all the major cities of the country. Some of the major road distances are: Agra 363 km, Allahabad 210 km, Ayodhya 135 km, Kolkata 985 km, Jim Corbett National Park 400 km, Delhi 497 km, Dudhwa National Park 238 km, Kanpur 79 km, Khajuraho 320 km, Varanasi 280 km. By bus The bus stations are situated at Alambagh, and Kaisar Bagh and Polytechnic. Roadways Inter State Bus Terminal Alambagh, ☏ +91 522-2458096.  Buses from Sunauli-Bhairawa on the India/Nepal border stop on their way to Varanasi. From Lucknow to New Delhi: There is a luxury air-conditioned bus from Quaiser Bagh Bus station. Route for this bus is Lucknow - Sitapur - Bareilly - Muradabad - Ghaziabad - Delhi [Anand Vihar ISBT]