Allahabad | India
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Allahabad, one of the holiest cities in India, is in Uttar Pradesh. About 80 million people are expected to visit the Kumbh Mela - a record-breaking Hindu pilgrimage in Allahabad. In Oct 2018, the city was renamed "Prayag" by the Uttar Pradesh state government.


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New Yamuna bridge, Allahabad Allahabad is among the largest cities in Uttar Pradesh. Hindu mythology has it that for the Prakrishta Yajna, Lord Brahma, the creator God of the Hindu Trinity, chose a land on earth, on which the three rivers would flow in to a quiet confluence. Brahma also referred to it as Tirth Raj or the King of all pilgrimage centres. Recorded evidence also exists in the Hindu scriptures (the Vedas and the grand epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, as also in the Puranas) of this holy place formerly called Prayag. Allahabad stands at the confluence of two of India's holiest rivers, the Ganges and the Yamuna. Sangam, as the confluence is called, is the venue of many sacred fairs and rituals, and attracts thousands of pilgrims throughout the year. This number swells to millions during the Kumbh Mela. An annual Magh Mela is also held in Allahabad around the Sangam areas in the month of January (Magh is the name of month in Hindu calendar). A third mythical Saraswati river, believed to flow underground towards the Sangam, gives the confluence its other name, Triveni. Emperor Akbar renamed this city in 1575 and called it Illahabas, which has now become modern Allahabad. The monarch realized its strategic importance as a waterway landmark in North India and also built a magnificent fort on the banks of the holy Sangam. Over the centuries that followed, Allahabad remained on the forefront of national importance, especially during the days of the Indian independence struggle. The chequered history of Allahabad with its religious, cultural and historical ethos also gave rise to several renowned scholars (M. N. Saha, Harishchandra, Ravindra Khattree, Amar Nath Jha), poets (Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Mahadevi Verma, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Sumitra Nandan Panth), writers (Mahadevi Verma, Ramkumar Verma, Jagdish Gupta), thinkers (Purusottam Das Tandon), statesmen and leaders (Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlala Nehru, Murli Manohar Joshi) and the actor Amitabh Bachchan. The city, an important cantonment during the British Raj, has some beautiful remnants of colonial architecture. In the early 20th century, University of Allahabad was the foremost center of learning in the country. Allahabad today is an important city where history, culture and religion create a confluence, much like the sacred rivers that caress it. Allahabad used to have a thriving industrial suburb (Naini) till the 1980s, but then those public sector units started closing down one by one, forcing entire generations of young educated Allahabadis to migrate out of the city in search of work. Today, Allahabad is slowly inching along in its dream to be an IT hub. And the government administrative offices remain alive and kicking. In Allahabad, you can enjoy The politeness of "Aap" and "Hum" (literally, "us" and "we" in Hindi, used as a form of respect instead of the singular). The subtle sense of humour of the person on the street The fun of walking and travelling on rickshaws


Planning a Trip

1 Get in 1.1 By plane 1.2 By train 1.3 By bus The best way to reach Allahabad, if you are coming from outside India, is to take a direct flight to Delhi and then take one of the numerous connecting trains from Delhi to Allahabad. The Kolkata Rajdhani express, though a better train, lands at a very odd hour in Allahabad (23:43) from Delhi which can be inconvenient for Allahabad being a really quiet place at night. Best train from Delhi to Allahabad is the PrayagRaj Express (Train No. 2418) which leaves from New Delhi Railway Station at 21:30 and arrives in Allahabad at 06:00 next day. The train runs every day. Newly launched is Duranto Express leaving Allahabad for New Delhi on Tuesdays, Thursdays & Saturdays at 22:40 hours and reaches New Delhi at 06:05 the next day with number 2275. This is a non-stop service with AC1, AC2, AC3 and non-AC 3 Tier composition. Down service from New Delhi leaves on Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays at 23:00 and reaches Allahabad at 06:20 the next day with number 2276. Fares are marginally higher than other superfast and express trains. By plane Allahabad Airport (IXD) also called Bamrauli Field is essentially a military base with a one-room passenger terminal and one commercial flight per day run by Air India (IC 7801). The flight departs Delhi and arrives in Allahabad after a brief stop in Kanpur. The plane then returns to Delhi. Baggage is hand delivered after arrival so wait in the terminal if you have checked luggage for it to be delivered. A flight from Mumbai by Air India runs only on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday. It is far easier to fly into Varanasi (120 km away) or Lucknow (200 km away), as these airports are much better served. By train Allahabad is on the trunk train route from Delhi to Kolkata and from Mumbai to Kolkata, so it is well-connected by trains. Innumerable trains stop at Allahabad. The city has five railway stations: 25.4452681.8252071 Allahabad Junction. The main station and where the majority of long distance trains call. (updated Mar 2019) 25.43942681.8491942 Allahabad City Station. Often used by trains that terminate in the city. (updated Mar 2019) 25.44317681.8805983 Daraganj Station. Near the confluence of the rivers Ganga and Yamuna, useful for reaching the holy sites. (updated Mar 2019) 25.44501781.8801174 Prayag Ghat. Next to Daraganj Station, used mainly during the important religious festivals for the better management and control of extra pilgrim traffic on those occasions. (updated Mar 2019) 25.46820481.8674035 Prayag Station. North of the city centre, near the university (updated Mar 2019) By bus NH 19 (old number: NH 2) connecting to Delhi and Kolkata, NH35 connecting to Mirzapur, Jhansi and Udaipur (old number :NH 76 and 76E merged), NH30 (old number:NH 24B and 27 merged) connecting to Lucknow, Rewa and Southern India and NH130 (old number: NH 96) connecting to Sultanpur-Faizabad runs through the city. Several buses ply to and from nearby cities and towns.


Getting Around

1 See 1.1 Dussehra 1.2 Kumbh Fair 1.3 Bhagwan Shri Dwadsh Madhav Yearly Parikrama 1.4 Sangam 1.5 Attractions 1.6 Museums 1.7 Temples Dussehra Kullu Dussehra - procession (2011) Dussehra is another auspicious time to visit the colorful city. In every corner of the city famous 'Ramleela' is organized with zeal and enthusiasm. Every class of society participates in the festival. Ramleela of Pattharchatti and Pajawa are worthy of seeing. Famous 'Kali dance' is organized in Daraganj in late nights of 4th, 5th and 6th days of Navratri. People horde in large numbers in narrow streets of Daraganj to see the dance. During these days, Durga puja is also celebrated by Bengali community which makes a major section of Allahabadi society. Puja pandals of Darbhanga colony and Jagat Taran College are the best places to enjoy the marvelous works of craftsmen of the city. Kumbh Fair Hindu pilgrims cross the river Ganges during the 2001 Kumbh fair. Kumbh is the best time to immerse yourself in Hindu rituals and culture, organized once in every 12 years Kumbh 2001 became the largest ever human gathering in history when 80-90 million pilgrims converged. The biggest festival for Hindus, the date are written in the ancient holy Vedas. The festivals of Makar Sankranti, Mauni Amavasya and Basant Panchami are the most auspicious days when 'Shahi Snaana' are held. The dates are set according to the complex hindu calender and change every year. Every year, a smaller version of Kumbh called Magh Mela is organized which falls during the Hindu month of Magha (Usually January or February). Magh Mela is an auspicious time to get married and Allahabad will be bustling with marriage processions long into the night during this period. The Kumbh area is a massive temporary settlement of tents at up on the flood plains of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers. It is better to book the camps or hotels in advance as the number of visitors are unbelievably high and most regular accommodation sells out. Many hindu families spend an entire month in rented tents, or in governent tent camps where bunks can be booked for as little as 200IRP per night. Getting around the camp : The camp area was 40km long in 2019 and vehicles are generally banned (gurus and tourists on motorcycles are sometimes permitted). Ensure you know which sector your camp is in and arrive on the right edge or you could be forced to walk more than 10km. There is generally no English signage, so asking police for directions may be your best option. Temporary bridges across the river are generally one way, and the direction changes seemingly at random as police try to control the crowds. Safety at Kumb: Deadly stampedes during Kumbh are commonplace, the enormous crowds frequently panic and defy police. Be aware of your surroundings especially around the train station, bridges and rivers edge. Basic sanitation is lacking in many areas. Pilgrims not using toilets, flooding and lack of drainage make diorhea outbreaks common. Drink and use only bottled water and bring anti diorhea medication. Alcohol is strictly forbidden, as are glass bottles and glasses. It is unclear how strictly these rules are enforced but you will find little occasion for drinking regardless. Bhagwan Shri Dwadsh Madhav Yearly Parikrama The parikrama of Bhagwam Shri Dwadash Madhav is the holiest and oldest parikrama on earth. Bhagwan Shri Madhav ji is the chief deity of Allahabad, known as Tirthraj (king of holy places). In parikrama, the devotee walks around the deity. As per Bhardwaj muni, sins of this birth and previous births are dissolved by performing this holy parikrama. The punya (good karma) rises by this. This parikrama is able to fulfill all desires of devotee. This parikrama was restarted in 2014, after a long gap of 600 years. This parikrama is of about 100 km. A yearly parikrama is usually organised in November.25°26′39″N 81°50′40″EMap of Allahabad Sangam A dip in the holy Sangam of the Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati is a must for the spiritually inclined. Sangam is a Sanskrit word for confluence. It is a sacred holy site for Hindus. According to Vedic literature and myths it is called Triveni Sangam because three rivers meet up here namely the holy Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati which is believed to be flowing beneath the surface. At the time of churning of sea (Samudra Manthan) by Gods (Suras) and the Demons (Asuras) few drops of amrita (holy nectar that makes a mortal immortal) fell at four different parts of the subcontinent during a fight between Gods and Demons over it. That places are Hardwar, Nasik, Prayag and Ujjain and are considered holy and MahaKumbha Mela is organised once in 12 years. Millions of pilgrims, tourists, ascetics, sadhu/sant (holy men) visit Prayag at the time of month long Kumbha for taking holy dip at sangam and perform religious rituals and ceremonies. Also Magh Mela is organised annually on January-February (Magh month of the Hindu calendar) and millions visit to take holy dip at Sanagam. Attractions All Saints Cathedral 25.4513181.826321 All Saints Cathedral. All Saints' Cathedral, designed by William Emerson (later President of the Royal Institute of British Architects) in complete Gothic style, was commenced in the year 1877. Standing in a grass compound at a major junction, it is in white stone with red sandstone dressings. The pavement to the choir and sanctuary is constructed pure Jaipur marble. Also known as Patthar Girja among local people, it is one of the oldest churches of India.  25.4381.8766672 Allahabad Fort. The Allahabad Fort, built from the year 1583 onwards by Akbar, stands at the junction of the two great rivers. It was the largest of Akbar's forts, and although its original form has been much impaired by early restoration work, the splendid Zenana Palace survives. It is a fine pavilion, with a central square hall carried on 64 columns bordered by a deep veranda of double columns and there are clusters of four in each corner.Kumbha Mela Under the wall of the palace, there is the so-called "Undying Banyan Tree" or Akshai Vata. In front of the entrance to the Fort is the "Ashoka Pillar", 35 feet high, it is made up of polished stone. Edicts of Ashoka are inscribed on it. The fort was later garrisoned under Company Raj, this imposing structure stands on the bank of Yamuna at sangam nose. Due to military concerns, only a limited area of the fort can been seen.  25.4533681.820813 Allahabad High Court. It is the seat of Justice in Uttar Pradesh, and is the oldest high court in the country with largest strength of judges.  Churches and Convents of the city. Allahabad boasts of its magnificent churches that were buit during the epoch of British Raj. Some of them are All Saints Cathedral, St Josephs' Convent, Evangelical Church and Bethany Convent. Diocese of Allahabad was the first in North India and has played a major role in nurturing the missionaries in the region  25.45371181.8481384 Company Bagh (Alfred Park or Chandrashekhar Azad Park), Panna Lal Road. It is the place to experience the British era of Indian history. Encircled in this park are Allahabad Museum, Victoria memorial and public library. Historical relics are scattered throughout the park. It was in this park where Chandrashekhar Azad, who fought for independence, shot himself with his last bullet. ₹5rs. (updated Feb 2019) 25.45846681.8602295 Jawahar Planetarium. 11:00-16:30. A place for those who are interested in astronomy. Shows are at every hour and charges are nominal. Children under age of 7 are not allowed.(Closed on Mondays) ₹20.  A tomb in Khusro Bagh 25.44222981.821076 Khusro bagh. 08:00-20:00. Khusro Bagh is entered through an old doorway that is 60 feet high. Khusrau was the elder brother of the Emperor Shah Jahan. He died in the year 1615 and the tomb was completed seven years later. The actual burial chamber is underground. It was enriched with plasterwork and was painted with birds and flowers and Persian inscriptions. West of the tomb is another tomb, which is believed to be the tomb of Khusrau`s sister. The place is also known for famous 'Allahabadi Guavas'.  25.4320881.862737 Minto Park (Between Fort and Yamuna Bridge). A historical spot where 'Company Raj' came to its end and India was transferred to the British crown. In the park is a replica of the Ashok Pillar, upon which the national emblem of Indian Republic is perched.  Moti Mahal and Bari Kothi, Daryaganj.  Nagvasuki Temple (In Daraganj).  25.435881.846318 Thornhill Mayne Memorial (Allahabad Public Library), Chandra Sekhar Azad Park, ☎ +91 0532 2460197, e-mail: The marvelous monuments is perched in Company Garden. The monument has served as the house of legislative assembly in British era when Allahabad was the capital of United Provinces. It has been converted to a library which is popularly known as Public Library. The monument is beautifully carved from white sandstones and is drenched in Gothic serenity.  University of Allahabad Campus. The 4th oldest university of India, it has various neo-Gothic monuments. Zoological museum in Department of Zoology homes a collection of skeletons of mammoth and elephants.  25.4239481.850439 Yamuna bridge. A stroll or a cycle ride on the bridge at sunrise or sunset is extremely refreshing.  Museums Visit to a historical city like Allahabad can not be complete without understanding and feeling its vibrant and varied history. The city is rich in museums and offers attractive spots for people of every discourse. Agharkar museum, Botany Department, university of Allahabad, Allahabad-211002., ☎ +91 532 246 1887. Summer: 07:00 to 12:00; winter: 10:00 to 17:00; closed Sunday and university holidays.  Allahabad Museum 25.45688281.84901810 Allahabad Museum, Chandrashekhar Azad Park, Kamala Nehru Road, ☎ +91 532 240 7409, e-mail: Tu-Su 10:30 to 16:30; closed gazetted holidays and Sunday falling after second Saturday. Spot for the lovers of ancient history. Allahabad being a historical city, the museum offers a convenient way to explore the history of the city and vicinity. Stone sculptures, terracottas, miniature paintings, modern Indian paintings, seals, sealing, coins, presents from Pt. Jawaharalal Nehru, miniature objects, handicrafts, firms, manuscripts, arms and armour inscription, thangkas. Citivithika half yearly. Library. Guide service; film shows on request; Lectures. Photography allowed on payment of ₹25 per snap. Multi-purpose museum. Adult Indian citizens: ₹5, children below 12: ₹2, foreigners: ₹100.  Anand Bhawan 25.45943481.85993911 Anand Bhawan Museum, Moti Lal Neharu Marg, e-mail: Tu-Su 09:30-13:00 & 13:30-17:00; closed gazetted holidays. Learn about the intricacies of Indian struggle for freedom during early 20th century. Among many things, you will find the personal correspondence and family photographs of the Nehrus. Besides Anand Bhawan is Swaraj Bhawan, ancestral place of the Nehru clan. It offers a best way to know about Nehru family via its video shows which are scheduled hourly. Anand Bhawan and Swaraj Bhawan are the places which have served as the parliament in real sense during British era. Many important decisions and happenings have been witnessed by these monuments. Picture gallery of national movement, painting textile books parquetry. Library. Indian citizens ₹5 (for first floor only), foreigners ₹200. (updated Feb 2019) Anatomy Museum, M.L.N. medical College. July 1 to April 30: 09:00 to 16:00, May 1 to June 30: 08:00 to 12:00, closed university holiday. Dissected parts of the human body, models of human organs embryology models to study various branches of anatomy.  Archaeological Museum, Museum Department of ancient History, culture and Archaeology, university of Allahabad -211002.. Summer: 07:00 to 12:00; winter: 10:00 to 16:00; closed Sunday and other university holidays.  Ganganath Jha kendriya Sanskrit vidyapeetha, C.S. Azad Park, ☎ +91 532 2460957, +91 532 2504081, +91 532 2506892. M-F 09:30-18:00; closed gazetted holidays;. Mainly Sanskrit manuscripts about 50,000; along with in Telugu, Bangali, Maithili and oriya,  Hindi Sangrahalaya, Hindi Sahitya Saammelan. Summer: 06:30 to 11:30; winter: 11:00 to 17:00; closed Sunday and major holidays. Books, periodicals, manuscripts, coins, letters, photographs, memoir trophies and personal belongings of literary personalities  Temples Ankaleshwara Temple (Stanley Rd, Mehndauri Colony).  25.45862281.85769312 Bharadwaj Ashram. The hermitage of Saint Bharadwaj, as per Ramayana. There is a temple of Lord Prayagraj, the God of the Prayag city.  25.4629681.86602413 Bade Hanuman Ji Temple, Daraganj (Near the Sangam). Here lies a magnificent statue of Lord Hanuman which is believed to be of Ramayana era.  25.44618281.8856514 Dashaswamedh Gath (on the bank of Ganges in Daraganj). According to Hindu mythology this was the spot where Lord Bramha performed Parikshit Yajna and city got its name Prayag  Jhusi-Tallest Hanuman Mandir. The temple is an unusually tall Hanuman deity along with 108 Shivalingas.  Mankameshwar Mandir. The temple is at the bank of Yamuna river near Triveni Sangam. You can't miss it as it has flashy neon animations at its entrance.  Shankar Vimana Mandapam. Build in South Indian style, the temple offers a great view of Sangam and surrounding areas.  Someshwar Mahadev Temple.