Tuticorin | India
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Tuticorin also known as Thoothukudi, is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Tuticorin is the headquarters of Tuticorin or Thoothukudi District which is located at the southeastern part of Tamil Nadu. It is almost 580 km away from Chennai, about 261 km away from Trichichirappalli and about 133 km away from Madurai.


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1 Understand 1.1 Theories about the Tamil and English names of the city 1.2 History 1.3 Economy Theories about the Tamil and English names of the city Tuticorin (in English) or Thoothukudi (in Tamil) used to be called Thirumandhira Nagar. There are three theories as to the origin of the name Thoothukudi. First, thoorthu is Tamil for "dig", and kudi means "drink": The town had no rivers and the only source of drinking water was from wells. Second, thoortha means "land reclaimed from the sea" while kudi also stands for "settlement" or "colony". Finally, the Tuticorin name was used by Dutch people who got there before the English, so some people have suggested they named the city. History Tuticorin has been known for its pearl diving (thus the nickname Pearl City (Muthu Nagaram in Tamil) and for shipbuilding. Thoothukudi became the centre of the Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, with such leaders as the poet Subramanya Bharathy, Veerapandiya Kattabomman, Venni Kalady, Vellaya Thevan, and V.O. Chidambaram Pillai. In 1906, the freedom fighter V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, with the help of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, launched the first Swadeshi ship S.S. Gaelia from this port town in British India. The major harbour of Tuticorin is one of the oldest sea ports in the world, was the seaport of the Pandyan Kingdom after Korkai and later was taken over by the Portuguese in 1548, captured by the Dutch in 1658, and ceded to the British in 1825. The lighthouse built in 1842 marked the beginning of the history of Thoothukudi harbour's development. Tuticorin was established as a municipality in 1866 with Roche Victoria as its first chairman. During World War II, when India was still under British dominance, the economic and strategic importance of Tuticorin Port made the town vulnerable to enemy bombings. Sirens and bomb shelters were installed in the town. After independence, the Port of Tuticorin witnessed a flourishing trade and handled a variety of cargo meant for neighbouring countries such as Sri Lanka and the Maldives, as well as various coastal regions of India. To cope with the increasing trade through Tuticorin, the government of India sanctioned the construction of an all-weather Port at Tuticorin. On July 11, 1974, the newly constructed Tuticorin Port was declared the 10th major port in India. Economy The economy of Thoothukudi is based on shipping, fishing, salt pan, mineral and agricultural industries (rice and palmyrah trees, from which jaggery is made, are cultivated nearby). 30% of India's salt is produced in this district. Tuticorin Port is one of the major ports in India, the second-largest port in Tamil Nadu after Chennai Port and third-largest container terminal in India after Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai. Due to its proximity with Colombo, Tuticorin is a major hub for India's trade with Sri Lanka.


Planning a Trip

1 Get in 1.1 By plane 1.2 By train 1.3 By road 1.4 By sea By plane Tuticorin Airport is at Vagaikulam, 15 km from the heart of the city. Spicejet operates flights to Chennai and Bangaluru (Bangalore). There are taxi options to get there. The State Government has planned to extend the runway (over 280 ha/700 acres of land is under approval) and modernize the airport to handle more traffic and bigger aircraft. The Airport runway is being extended to facilitate landing of large airplanes and the night landing facility will be established soon. By train A popular way of getting here is by train, most useful is the daily Pearl City Express service from Chennai which departs 7:35PM every evening, arriving the next morning at 7:30AM. Bangalore and Mysore have night trains bound for Tuticorin, with a departure time from Mysore at 6PM and from Bangalore 9:20PM, arriving 10:45AM the next day. Regional destinations with direct trains include Coimbatore and Tirunelveli. By road Tuticorin City is well connected by road with rest of the country. The major highways are, Tuticorin - Madurai (NH 45B); Tuticorin - Palayamkottai(NH 7A); Tuticorin - Tiruchendur (State Highway); Tuticorin - Ramanathapuram (State Highway); The Tuticorin - Madurai (NH 45B) and Tuticorin - Tirunelveli (NH 7A) are being converted into 4-lane Expressway. By sea Tuticorin port is the gateway to India when it comes to shipping with cargo ships arriving daily, some of these accept paying passengers. It's also the only port in the country with a weekly direct cargo service from USA, taking 22 days. Europe, China and several ports along the Red Sea have direct routes too.


Top Attractions

body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .ambox{margin:0!important;border:none!important}body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .mbox-text{font-size:100%!important;padding:8px 8px 8px 32px!important;line-height:normal} Arulmigu Subramanya Swami Temple-Sri Subrahmanya Swami Devasthanam (Padai Veedu for Lord Muruga), Tiruchendur, Tuticorin District.  Lord Bhagam Priyal Temple.  Lord Mutharramman temple. Kulasekarapattinam (famous for its Dasara), Tuticorin District  Lord Shankararameswarar (Shiva Temple).  Lord Vaigundaperumal Temple.  Mohiyadeen Jumma Mosque, WGC Road.  Mosque at Annanagar, 6th Street.  Mosque at Braiyant Nagar, 1st Street.  Mosque at Collector Nagar (Near Collectorate).  Mosque at Crescent School, near VVD Junction.  Mosque at Hourbour Estate.  Mosque at Jahir Husain Nagar.  Mosque at Jailani Street.  Mosque at KMA Complex (Near Arulraj Hospital).  Mosque at Muthaiahpuram.  Mosque at P&T Colony.  Mosque at Puthukkottai, Kootampuli Road.  Mosque at Rahamathullah Puram, near Old Bustand.  Mosque at Rahmath Nagar (Near SETC Depo).  Mosque at SPIC Nagar.  Mosque at Selvanayaga Puram (Near 3rd Gate).  Mosque at Statebank Colony.  Mosque at Thermal Nagar.  Mosque at Thirespuram.  Muyal Theevu.  Nava Thirupathi-Nine Divya Dhesam. Abode of Lord Vishnu along the Banks of Thamiraparani river in Tuticorin District  8.8061378.161251 Nehru Park (Nehruji Park).  8.799678.156572 Our Lady of Snows Basilica. Beach Road, Tutocorin Town  Pillayar Temple. in nearby Port Trust (Muthammal Colony, an extension area near New Bus Stand), Tuticorin  8.7995578.135243 Rajaji Park (Rajaji Water Tank Park).  8.7866378.159654 Roche Park (Tuticorin Roach Beach).  8.8049378.156225 Sacred Heart Cathedral (Chinna Koil), Tuticorin Town.  8.7993278.114196 Sri Santhanamari Amman kovil (near Mattakadai).  8.8022878.150917 St. Antony's Church (Near V.O.C. Market).  8.5607577.971848 St. John's Cathedral, Nazareth.  Thoothukudi seashore. Port trust beach and the park nearby  8.5061578.108439 Trinity Church (Near Old Harbour). Built in 1750  Vanathirupathi. in Punnai nagar built by Hotel Saravana Bhavan chain of hotels is recently famous in the district.  Vembati Essaki Amman Kovil. near VOC College